Seasons in Copenhagen

Copenhagen is the largest city and the capital of Denmark. It is located on Zealand Island in the Øresund Strait. The city has plain relief and mild maritime climate with moderate humidity and relatively narrow range of average temperatures. Seasonal changes of weather conditions are smooth yet within given season weather is shifty.

Climate of the region is formed under significant impact of surrounding massive bodies of water. Processes of accumulation and release of warmth in surrounding waters, air masses from above the Gulf Stream and absence of significant natural barriers on their way are causing cool summer and mild winter.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Copenhagen

Smooth transition of seasons is main feature of climate of Denmark. Therefore March is somewhat winter month. However March is sunnier and drier than previous three months. Yet it is cool with its 2 °C (35 °F) of average temperature and significant winds.

April brings warming to 8 °C (4 °F) and increasing amount of daylight hours. In general weather is better yet still kind of shifty. At May spring is on its peak with average temperature of 12 °C (53 °F) and occasionally even rises to 20 °C (68 °F). Even usual shifty and pretty strong winds cannot spoil greatness of the weather or distract tourists.

Climate of the Spring Months

March
Max average t°: +5 °C (41 °F)
Min average t°: -1 °C (30 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 30 mm (1,2")
Water t°: +4 °C (39 °F)
April
Max average t°: +10 °C (50 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (37 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")
Water t°: +6 °C (43 °F)
May
Max average t°: +16 °C (61 °F)
Min average t°: +7 °C (44 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 45 mm (1,8")
Water t°: +9 °C (48 °F)

Spring Holidays

Variable dates at spring – Easter celebrations
March 20-31 ( for 2019 and later dates will change) - CPH:DOX (Copenhagen International Documentary Festival).
April 18 - Day of the Battle of Dubbel.
May 1 – Labor Day.
May 29-June 2 (for 2019) – Distortion music festival.

Summer in Copenhagen

June is usually the driest summer month. Average temperature of air lies within the range of 12-19 °C (53-66 °F) and waters of the North and Baltic seas are warming up to only 16 °C (61 °F). Hence swimming in Copenhagen is for toughest tourists. July is the warmest month with its averages of 14-22 °C (57-72 °F). Amount of precipitation grows bit by bit through whole summer.

August is completely suitable to go to Copenhagen. Air is slightly colder than at July with averages of 13-20 °C (55-68 °F) and rains occur more often. On the other hand all summer months offer broad variety of activities. Numerous festivals and celebrations are held at this season.


Climate of the Summer Months

June
Max average t°: +19 °C (66 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 45 mm (1,8")
Water t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
July
Max average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Min average t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 70 mm (2,8")
Water t°: +16 °C (61 °F)
August
Max average t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Min average t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 65 mm (2,6")
Water t°: +16 °C (61 °F)

Summer Holidays

June 5 – Constitution day.
June 23 – St. Hans Day.
June 24 – Birth of John the Baptist.
June – Copenhell metal music festival.
June-July - Roskilde Festival.

July - Copenhagen Jazz Festivalc.
July 18-20 (for 2019) – Musik I Lejet festival.
July-August - Summer Classic Festival.

August – Copenhagen Pride Week, Strøm Festival of electronic music.
Last ten days of August – Copenhagen Cooking and Food Festival.

Autumn in Copenhagen

Approximately 170 of a year are rainy in Copenhagen. Naturally most of them are at autumn. Yet September holds last bits of summer. In fact this month is warmer than spring with its range of average temperatures of 13-16 °C (55-61 °F), but it is rainier and windier. October is time for tea and mulled wine for it rains most of time and getting colder too. Averages are between 7 °C (44 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

At November the city met visitors with piercing winds and cold drizzly rains. Temperature drops to about 3 °C (37 °F). However appropriate layering and good umbrella helps to get the most from visit to the capital of Denmark at late autumn.


Climate of the Autumn Months

September
Max average t°: +17 °C (63 °F)
Min average t°: +10 °C (50 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 60 mm (2,4")
Water t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
October
Max average t°: +12 °C (54 °F)
Min average t°: +7 °C (45 °F)
Sundial in the day: 3 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 60 mm (2,4")
Water t°: +12 °C (54 °F)
November
Max average t°: +7 °C (45 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (37 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 50 mm (2,0")
Water t°: +9 °C (48 °F)

Autumn Holidays

October – Culture Night in Copenhagen.

October-November – Halloween in Tivoli Gardens.

Winter in Copenhagen

Winter in Copenhagen is mild and frost is more of exceptional occasion. Average temperature of December is around 0 °C but strong winds make colder than it may seem. Main attributes of January are mild frosts at nights, winds, humidity and almost constant overcast. Temperature at this month is between -5 °C and 4 °C.

In terms of weather February seems to be second-to-last winter month. Minor changes of temperature result average range of -2 °C to 3 °C. Overcast of last month of winter gains some sort of unpredictable nature. Sudden periods of bright sunlight are to be expected, but otherwise it is as windy and humid as at previous months.

Climate of the Winter Months

December
Max average t°: +4 °C (39 °F)
Min average t°: +1 °C (34 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hours
Rainy days: 13 days
Precipitation: 50 mm (2,0")
Water t°: +7 °C (45 °F)
January
Max average t°: +2 °C (36 °F)
Min average t°: -2 °C (28 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 50 mm (2,0")
Water t°: +4 °C (39 °F)
February
Max average t°: +2 °C (36 °F)
Min average t°: -2 °C (28 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")
Water t°: +4 °C (39 °F)

Winter Holidays

December 24 – Christmas Eve.

December 25 – Christmas.

January 1 – New Year celebration.

February – Shrovetide.