Most of the country lies within the zone of dry tropical climate. Muscat, the capital of the country, is considered as one of driest cities of the world. Average temperature of June is 34 °C (93 °F) and at winter it is 26 °C (79 °F). At spring heat become exhausting due to dry winds from Rub’ al Khali desert. Summer winds are often causing sand storms. Precipitation is few with annual amounts from 25 to 500 mm (1-20”) depending on location.
Qatar has tropical maritime climate with dry hot summers and mild winters. The country is located on the peninsula of same name and washed by the Persian Gulf. Time from May to September is the hottest. Daytime temperature at these months is extremely high between 45 and 50 °C (113-131 °F). Nights bring no relief for air warms up to 43 °C (109 °F) even without sun. Humidity level reaches 92% and even higher in coastal areas. Rainy season lasts from December to March. Showers are strong and fast.
The Kingdom of Bahrain is located on archipelago of the same name. Climate of the country is arid thus most of its territory is desert. Basically there are two seasons in Bahrain: extremely hot summer and warm wet winter. Hot season lasts from April to October and have average daytime temperature about 40 °C (104 °F). At winter temperature is in range between 10 and 20 °C (50-68 °F).
Climate of country varies greatly due to features of relief and global location. Northern portion of Iran has subtropical weather conditions while climate of south is tropical. Central regions are lying within the zone of continental and mountainous weather. Coasts of Persian and Oman Gulfs are hot and humid with winter averages between 16 and 18 °C (61-64 °F). At summer temperature there ranges from 24 to 30 °C (75-86 °F). Annual amount of precipitation is significant and varies from 600 mm (23.6”) in plains to 1000 mm (39.3”) on mountain slopes.
Most of territory of Israel lies in subtropical climatic zone. Yet there are regions with dry and moderate tropical weather conditions. Despite relatively small size of country difference in temperatures may reach 10 °C (≈18 °F). Depending on distance to the sea, humidity and altitude same temperatures is felt differently.
Although Armenia is located in the zone of subtropical climate actual subtropical weather is observed only in southern edge of the country. The rest of the country has mild continental weather taking into account mountainous relief. This feature causes unstable and patchy nature of weather conditions in Armenia.