Seasons in Turkmenistan

It is continental type of climate in Turkmenistan. Droughts are typical for the country. The temperature amplitude ranges from -22 °F to 122 °F.leve of precipitations in the north and east areas is 80 mm per year, in mountain regions up to 500 mm.

Period from December to March is the season of rains. The best periods to visit this country are April-June and September-November.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Turkmenistan

To south areas of the country spring comes in the beginning of March, to north ones at the last days of the same month. In mountainous areas spring begins in the beginning of April. Sharp changes of the weather are typical for the whole territory.

Spring in Turkmenistan lasts not long. Temperature from March to May increases very fast. And it is already very hot in the country at the end of April. Rains and winds are still rare.

The climate of the spring months

(Ashgabat)

March
Max average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (38 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 22 mm (0.9")
April
Max average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Min average t°: +9.5 °C (49 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 20 mm (0.8")
May
Max average t°: +27.5 °C (82 °F)
Min average t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Sundial in the day: 12.5 hours
Rainy days: 0 day
Precipitation: 15 mm (0.6")

Spring holidays

8 Mar    International Women's Day
21 Mar  Novruz Holiday
22 Mar  Novruz Holiday

9 May   Victory Day
18 May Constitution and Magtymguly Day

Summer in Turkmenistan

Summer begins at May and lasts until the end of September. It is always very hot in this country during the whole summer period all day long. It may rain only at the coastal region of the Caspian Sea. But even there rains are rare and short. The air is very dry during summer period.

July is the hottest month of the year. Also the range of temperature amplitude at this period is sometimes from 57 °F to 122 °F during one day. At the coastal region of the Caspian Sea temperature is not so high. It is about 77 °F and there is no such big range of temperatures in this area during a day.

The climate of the summer months

(Ashgabat)

June
Max average t°: +34.5 °C (94 °F)
Min average t°: +19 °C (67 °F)
Sundial in the day: 14 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 5.7 mm (0.2")
July
Max average t°: +37 °C (99 °F)
Min average t°: +21.5 °C (71 °F)
Sundial in the day: 14 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 2.4 mm (0.09")
August
Max average t°: +36 °C (96 °F)
Min average t°: +19 °C (67 °F)
Sundial in the day: 13.5 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 1.2 mm (0.05")


Summer holidays

15 Jun   Eid al-Fitr

22-24 Aug  Eid al-Adha Holiday

Autumn in Turkmenistan

To south areas of the country spring comes in the beginning of October, to north ones at the last days of September. In mountainous areas spring begins in the beginning of September or at last decade of August. Hot temperature level increases very slow. Absence of winds and rains is still could be observed until the middle of October.

Cold fall weather comes to Turkmenistan only at the end of November but the temperature is still warm and comfortable. It is about 43 °F here in November and the air is still dry.

The climate of the autumn months

(Ashgabat)

September
Max average t°: +31 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +14 °C (58 °F)
Sundial in the day: 12 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 2.8 mm (0.1")
October
Max average t°: +23 °C (73 °F)
Min average t°: +8 °C (47 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 3 mm (0.1")
November
Max average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (37 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8.5 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 10 mm (0.4")

Autumn holidays

6 Oct     Earthquake Remembrance Day

27 Oct   Independence Day

28 Oct   Independence Day Holiday

Winter in Turkmenistan

Winter in plain areas of the republic begins at the December. Rare snowfalls are typical. Temperature is about 48 °F during day time and 35 °F at nights. Lack of precipitations is also typical for all the winter period. There is one snowy or rainy day for January and one for February.

In the desserts temperature is below 32 °F even at daytime. Heavy storms are non-typical for whole the winter period.  Cold weather goes away in the middle of February and temperature is already about 50 °F in plains.

The climate of the winter months

(Ashgabat)

December
Max average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 6 mm (0.2")
January
Max average t°: +6 °C (43 °F)
Min average t°: -4 °C (24 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 8 mm (0.3")
February
Max average t°: +9.5 °C (49 °F)
Min average t°: -1 °C (30 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 14 mm (0.5")

Winter holidays

12 Dec  Neutrality Day

1 Jan      New Year's Day
12 Jan   Memorial Day

19 Feb  Flag Day