Seasons in Turkey

Turkey lies in the subtropical climate belt. Composite landscape creates its diversity defining significant differences in particular areas.

Turkey is washed by four seas, and majestic mountain ridges, dividing the plain, contribute to the creation of different climate zones:

- The South and West of the country (washed by the Aegean and Mediterranean seas);

- The European part of the country with the Marmara sea coast;

- The South-East of the country as the hottest region;

- The Center and East of Turkey which are remarkable for hot summer and snowy winter seasons;

- The country’s Black Sea coast with mild and humid climate.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Turkey

Turkey is famous for splendid resorts which are the most lucrative areas of the country. When spring comes, temperature rises up significantly and by April reaches +20…23 oC in afternoon and +13 oC at night. Sea water warms up to 20 degrees. This is the best vacation period for those people, who can barely stand extensive heat. In spring (May, 19), one of the most respected holidays - Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day – is celebrated.

During springtime, multiple citrus trees, pomegranates, figs, almonds, apricots, and cherries blossom. Ploughed fields, market and vegetable gardens are cultivated closer to the coastal zone. Trees of the numerous forests put on their green coats. Diversity of the world of birds gets ready for breeding the future generation. In this time of year, Turkey is remarkably beautiful because of many tulip plantations.

The climate of the spring months

(Ankara)

March
Max average t°: +11 °C (51.8 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 35 mm (1.4")
April
Max average t°: +17 °C (62.6 °F)
Min average t°: +4 °C (39.2 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 35 mm (1.4")
May
Max average t°: +22 °C (71.6 °F)
Min average t°: +9 °C (48.2 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 50 mm (2")

Spring holidays

March 20 – March equinox

April 23 – National Sovereignty and Children’s Day

May 1 – Labor and Solidarity Day

May 19 – Commemoration of Ataturk, Your and Sports Day

Summer in Turkey

Summer is the most blessed time of the year to have a vacation in Turkey. Air temperature warms up to +27…33 oC, and sea water does not cool down at night and its temperature amounts to +25…30 oC. This time of year has the biggest stream of tourists. In summer, also happens Ramadan, which is one of the most famous Muslim fastings, calculated according to the local calendar and appointed in its time every year.

The country’s flora is very diverse and depends on its place of vegetation. The first tastiest cherries and rarely fragrant peaches ripen here. Orchid flowers, growing in the wild nature under shrubs, are exceptionally beautiful. And in waterlogged grounds one can find fleur-de-lises, lilies, buttercups, marsh orchids, and primulas. There are deers, does, roes, boars, leopards, bears, badgers, lynxes, jackals, and others which inhabit mountain terrains, prairies, and wild forests..

The climate of the summer months

(Ankara)

June
Max average t°: +27 °C (80.6 °F)
Min average t°: +13 °C (55.4 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 5 days
Precipitation: 30 mm (1.2")
Jule
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Sundial in the day: 12 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 13 mm (0.5")
August
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Sundial in the day: 12 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 8 mm (0.3")


Summer holidays

June 21 – June Solstice

Approx. between May and August (July 5-6-7 in 2016, June 25-26-27 in 2017, June 15-16-17 in 2018)  – Ramadan

August 30 – Victory Day

Autumn in Turkey

Autumn is the golden time for tourists. During the season, night air temperature is already noticeably lower and cools down to +12 oC in October; in the afternoon it can reach +28, however sea water stays warm and its temperature goes down to +25…+28 oC. This is the best time to have a rest on the beach.

Eid al-Adha is the most important holiday for the Muslims, starts this time of year, lasts for 3-4 days, and represents sacrifice to God.

Autumn is a responsible period for harvesting in gardens, which there are a lot of. During this time one can harvest different kinds of mushrooms. Deciduous trees find their golden attires because of the leaf colors of yellow, gold and red.

The climate of the autumn months

(Ankara)

September
Max average t°: +26 °C (78.8 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (51.8 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 19 mm (0.7")
October
Max average t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Min average t°: +7 °C (44.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 5 days
Precipitation: 20 mm (0.8")
November
Max average t°: +13 °C (55.4 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (37.4 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 6 days
Precipitation: 30 mm (1.2")

Autumn holidays

September – Eid al Adha

October 28-29 – Republic Day

November 10 – Ataturk Memorial Day

Winter in Turkey

In winter, Turkey has no less interest for tourists. In mountains, it heavily snows which attracts fans of ski tourism. However, during wintertime it is still possible to see a variety of green spaces that are evergreen coniferous trees, laurels, and many others. Turkish reservation parks – Uludag, Munzur-Vadisi, Karatepe-Apslantash, Dilek, Keprulu, Olimpos-Beidagklari – are exceptionally beautiful at any time of year.

Winter temperatures in Turkey reach approx. +15..17 oC  in afternoon and +5..10 oC at night, wherein water temperature is almost always stays at +18…20 oC. But for all that one can find a true winter with frosts in the mountains.

The climate of the winter months

(Ankara)

December
Max average t°: +6 °C (42.8 °F)
Min average t°: -1 °C (30.2 °F)
Sundial in the day: 3 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 45 mm (1.8")
January
Max average t°: +4 °C (39.2 °F)
Min average t°: -4 °C (24.8 °F)
Sundial in the day: 3 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 35 mm (1.4")
February
Max average t°: +5 °C (41 °F)
Min average t°: -3 °C (26.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1.6")

Winter holidays

December 22 – December Solstice

December 31 – New Year’s Eve