Seasons in Russian Yakutia

Yakutia occupies a large part of the basin of the Lena, Anabar, Olenek, Indigirka, and Kolyma. Its climate is sharply continental, with considerable territory lies beyond the Arctic circle. In Yakutia, the biggest in Russia annual temperature differential: down to -60 in winter, in summer up to +30-35 degrees. Hot weather is short-lived, mostly at the end of July. Summer short – 2.5 months. The winters with little snow, and few irregular rainfall in summer. In the South of Yakutia rainfall is much greater. They feed many rivers taking in the area its origin. The rains of a protracted nature, so the water level in the rivers is constantly changing and very strong.

Yakutia – the land of permafrost, where in summer the soil thaws only to 1-2 meters, and as a consequence of this peculiar vegetation. In the upper reaches there are only larch and cedar. In the middle reaches appear deciduous trees: birch and aspen, and in the lower spruce and pine. Everywhere the ground is covered by a dense carpet of mosses and lichens. A lot of mushrooms and berries: blueberries, cranberries, cowberries, cloudberries.

Amazingly rich wildlife of this rugged land. Here you can see wild deer, moose, bears; many fur-bearing animals; birds are most often found large flocks of ducks and grouse. The river clean. They of trout and grayling.

Most of the plains of Yakutia is covered by taiga. In the mountains taiga is becoming less common, being replaced on the high ground, bushes and thickets of shrub pine. The biggest peaks – bald mountain, which reaches a height of 2-2,5 thousand meters above sea level. Often Gary, leaving a painful impression. The fire is very insidious for a long time he was hiding in the bogs and could erupt again at any moment.

In Northern and sparse taiga turns into tundra, then tundra, the strip which stretches along the coast, washed by the Laptev sea and East Siberian. The North of Yakutia is occupied by lowland, which contains the lower reaches of major rivers – the Lena, Indigirka, etc. a Wide low-lying valley of the Lena's long tongue stretched out from North to South, as if dividing Utah into two parts.

The relief of the West Yakutia determine the spurs of the Middle Siberian plateau, from the South-East forms a natural border the ridge Stanovoi and Aldan highlands. The Eastern part is crossed by ridges of Chersky, Verkhoyansk, Suntar-Hayat.

Rivers of Yakutia is vast and varied, but sports interest, mostly occurring in mountainous regions rivers with rapids in South-East and North-East of Yakutia: Timpton, Gons, Indigirka, etc.
The development of the tourist territory interfere with its sparse population and difficulties with transport, long distances for access roads to the top of the route and exit.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Yakutia

The spring comes in the last days of April. The average daily temperature exceeds 0 degrees, on average, on April 27, mark 5 degrees – 10 may and 10 degrees – may 24.

The climate of the spring months

(Yakutsk)

March
Max average t°: -14 °C (7 °F)
Min average t°: -30 °C (-22 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1.5 hours
Snowy days: 0~1 days
Precipitation: 12 mm (0,4")
April
Max average t°: +1 °C (33 °F)
Min average t°: -14 °C (7 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2.5 hours
Snowy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 29 mm (1.1")
May
Max average t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 28 mm (1,0")

Spring holidays

    March, 3 - world day of the writer;
    March, 7 - cross-veneration week of Lent;
    March, 8 - International women's day;
    March, 15 - world day of protection of consumer rights;
    March, 19 - Day of the submariner;
    March, 21 - Earth day;
    March, 22 - world water day;
    March, 25 - the day of worker of culture;
    March, 27 - international theatre day;
    March, 28 - the Entry of Christ into Jerusalem. Palm Sunday;

    April, 1 - April fool's Day;
    April, 7 - the Annunciation of the blessed virgin Mary;
    April, 12 - Day of cosmonautics;
    April, 13 - Radunitsa;
    April, 24 - International day of youth solidarity;
    April, 29 - International dance day;

    May, 1 - the Holiday of Spring and Labour;
    May, 6 - Day of St. George;
    May, 9 - Victory Day;
    May, 13 - day of the black sea fleet;
    May, 15 - international family day;
    May, 18 - day of the Baltic fleet;
    May, 27 - all-Russian day of libraries;
    May, 28 - day of border guards;
    May, 31 - no tobacco Day.

Summer in Yakutia

Summer weather is set, on average, 10 June, when the average daily temperature exceeds 15 degrees. In the summer there are abrupt temperature fluctuations, and daily fluctuations are very significant – at night even on a hot day cool, although the day warm or hot weather. In July, daytime temperatures often exceed 30 degrees.

The climate of the summer months

(Yakutsk)

June
Max average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Min average t°: +8 °C (47 °F)
Sundial in the day: 14.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 25 mm (1,0")
July
Max average t°: +25 °C (78 °F)
Min average t°: +12 °C (53 °F)
Sundial in the day: 13.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 31 mm (1,2")
August
Max average t°: +21 °C (70 °F)
Min average t°: +8 °C (47 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10.5 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")


Summer holidays

    June, 1 - Children's Day;
    June, 5 - Day of environment;
    June, 12 - Day of Russia;
    June, 22 - day of memory and grief;
    June, 26 - international day against drug abuse;
    June, 27 - youth Day;

    July, 5 - day of workers of sea and river fleet;
    July, 10 - the day of military glory;

    August, 2 - the day of airborne troops. Railroad day;
    August, 8 - Day of the athlete;
    August, 15 - day of the archaeologist;
    August, 19 - the Transfiguration of the Lord;
    August, 22 - the Day of State flag of the Russian Federation;
    August, 27 - day of Russian cinema;
    August, 28 - Dormition of the blessed virgin Mary.

Autumn in Yakutia

Autumn comes, on average, 18 August, when the temperature drops below 15 degrees. On 5 September the temperature drops below 10 degrees, 19 September drops below 5 degrees, and from 30 September to below 0 degrees.

The first frost in the air happen, usually in early – mid September.

The climate of the autumn months

(Yakutsk)

September
Max average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 38 mm (1,5")
October
Max average t°: -4 °C (25 °F)
Min average t°: -13 °C (8 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2.7 hours
Snowy days: 1 days
Precipitation: 17 mm (0,7")
November
Max average t°: -25 °C (-13 °F)
Min average t°: -34 °C (-29 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.8 hours
Snowy days: 0~1 days
Precipitation: 11.5 mm (0,5")

Autumn holidays

    September, 1 - knowledge Day;
    September, 3 - the Day of solidarity in the fight against terrorism;
    September, 21 - Nativity of the blessed virgin Mary;
    September, 27 - Exaltation of the Holy cross. Tourism day;

    October, 1 - International day of older persons. International music day;
    October, 5 - Teachers ' Day;
    October, 14 - protection of the blessed virgin;
    October, 30 - memory Day of victims of political repressions;

    November, 4 - national unity Day;
    November, 28 - Beginning of Nativity fast;
    November, 29 - Mother's Day.

Winter in Yakutia

Winter in Yakutsk is exceptionally severe, the average January temperature is about -40 degrees, sometimes the temperature can cross the 60-degree mark (though not freezing was more than 65 years, last time January 2, 1951, -60,3 degrees). Rainfall is rare. The weather is mostly clear, but in the cold there is fog.

Winter lasts from early October to late April. Already in early November the average daily temperature is below -20 degrees, and after the middle of November to the end of February the temperature is below -30 degrees. In December, January and February thaws are excluded. After mid-March the average daily temperature rises to -20 degrees and above.

The climate of the winter months

(Yakutsk)

December
Max average t°: -35 °C (-32 °F)
Min average t°: -38 °C (-45 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.6 hours
Snowy days: 0-1 days
Precipitation: 7 mm (0,3")
January
Max average t°: -37 °C (-35 °F)
Min average t°: -42 °C (-48.5 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.6 hours
Snowy days: 0-1 days
Precipitation: 7 mm (0,3")
February
Max average t°: -30 °C (-22 °F)
Min average t°: -32 °C (-42 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.9 hours
Snowy days: 0-1 days
Precipitation: 6.5 mm (0,25")

Winter holidays

    December, 3 - international day of persons with disabilities;
    December, 4 - Introduction to the Theotokos;
    December, 10 - human rights Day;
    December, 12 - Constitution Day;
    December, 24 - the Day of military glory.

    January, 1 - New Year;
    January, 6 - Christmas eve;
    January, 7 - Christmas;
    January, 11 - Day of reserves and national parks;
    January, 12 - Day of the Prosecutor of the Russian Federation;
    January, 13 - Russian press Day;
    January, 14 - Circumcision of our Lord;
    January, 14 - Old New Year;
    January, 18 - Epiphany eve;
    January, 19 - the Baptism of our Lord. Epiphany;
    January, 25 - day of the Russian students;

    February, 14 - Valentine's Day;
    February, 23 - Fatherland Defender's Day.