Seasons in Russian Yakutia


Yakutia occupies a large part of the basin of the Lena, Anabar, Olenek, Indigirka, and Kolyma. Its climate is sharply continental, with considerable territory lies beyond the Arctic circle. In Yakutia, the biggest in Russia annual temperature differential: down to -60 °C (-76 °F) in winter, in summer up to +30-35  °C (86-95 °F). Hot weather is short-lived, mostly at the end of July. Summer short – 2.5 months. The winters with little snow, and few irregular rainfall in summer.

In the South of Yakutia rainfall is much greater. They feed many rivers taking in the area its origin. The rains of a protracted nature, so the water level in the rivers is constantly changing and very strong.

Yakutia – the land of permafrost, where in summer the soil thaws only to 1-2 meters, and as a consequence of this peculiar vegetation. In the upper reaches there are only larch and cedar. In the middle reaches appear deciduous trees: birch and aspen, and in the lower spruce and pine. Everywhere the ground is covered by a dense carpet of mosses and lichens. A lot of mushrooms and berries: blueberries, cranberries, cowberries, cloudberries.

Amazingly rich wildlife of this rugged land. Here you can see wild deer, moose, bears; many fur-bearing animals; birds are most often found large flocks of ducks and grouse. The river clean. They of trout and grayling.

The relief of the West Yakutia determine the spurs of the Middle Siberian plateau, from the South-East forms a natural border the ridge Stanovoi and Aldan highlands. The Eastern part is crossed by ridges of Chersky, Verkhoyansk, Suntar-Hayat.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Yakutia

The spring comes in the last days of April. The average daily temperature exceeds 0 °C (32 °F) on April 27, mark +5 °C (41 °F) – 10 may and +10 °C (50 °F) – may 24.

The climate of the spring months

(Yakutsk)

March
Max average t°: -14 °C (7 °F)
Min average t°: -30 °C (-22 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1.5 hours
Snowy days: 0~1 days
Precipitation: 12 mm (0,4")
April
Max average t°: +1 °C (33 °F)
Min average t°: -14 °C (7 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2.5 hours
Snowy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 29 mm (1.1")
May
Max average t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 28 mm (1,0")

Spring holidays

March-April – Easter Celebrations.
March 8 – Women’s Day.

April 1 – April Fool’s Day.
May 1 – Labor Day.

Summer in Yakutia

Summer weather is set, on average, 10 June, when the average daily temperature exceeds +15 °C (59 °F). In the summer there are abrupt temperature fluctuations, and daily fluctuations are very significant – at night even on a hot day cool, although the day warm or hot weather. In July, daytime temperatures often exceed +30 °C (86 °F).

The climate of the summer months

(Yakutsk)

June
Max average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Min average t°: +8 °C (47 °F)
Sundial in the day: 14.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 25 mm (1,0")
July
Max average t°: +25 °C (78 °F)
Min average t°: +12 °C (53 °F)
Sundial in the day: 13.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 31 mm (1,2")
August
Max average t°: +21 °C (70 °F)
Min average t°: +8 °C (47 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10.5 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")


Summer holidays

June 6 – Pushkin’s Day.
June 12 – Russia’s Day.
June 27 – Youth’s Day.

July 7 – Kupala Night.
July 28 – Day of the Baptism of Rus’.
August 2 – Day of paratroopers.

Autumn in Yakutia

Autumn comes, on average, 18 August, when the temperature drops below +15 °C (59 °F). On 5 September the temperature drops below +10 °C (50 °F), 19 September drops below +5 °C (41 °F), and from 30 September to below 0 °C (32 °F).

The first frost in the air happen, usually in early – mid September.

The climate of the autumn months

(Yakutsk)

September
Max average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 38 mm (1,5")
October
Max average t°: -4 °C (25 °F)
Min average t°: -13 °C (8 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2.7 hours
Snowy days: 1 days
Precipitation: 17 mm (0,7")
November
Max average t°: -25 °C (-13 °F)
Min average t°: -34 °C (-29 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.8 hours
Snowy days: 0~1 days
Precipitation: 11.5 mm (0,5")

Autumn holidays

September 1 – Day of Knowledge.
October 5 – Teacher’s Day.
Last Sunday of November – Mother’s Day.

Winter in Yakutia

Winter lasts from early October to late April. Already in early November the average daily temperature is below -20 °C (-4 °F), and after the middle of November to the end of February the temperature is below -30 °C (-22 °F).

Winter in Yakutsk is exceptionally severe, the average January temperature is about -40 °C (-40 °F), sometimes the temperature can cross the -50 °C (-58 °F) mark (though not freezing was more than 65 years, last time January 2, 1951, -60.3 °C (-76 °F). Rainfall is rare. The weather is mostly clear, but in the cold there is fog.

In December, January and February thaws are excluded. After mid-March the average daily temperature rises to -20 °C (-4 °F) and above.

The climate of the winter months

(Yakutsk)

December
Max average t°: -35 °C (-32 °F)
Min average t°: -38 °C (-45 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.6 hours
Snowy days: 0-1 days
Precipitation: 7 mm (0,3")
January
Max average t°: -37 °C (-35 °F)
Min average t°: -42 °C (-48.5 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.6 hours
Snowy days: 0-1 days
Precipitation: 7 mm (0,3")
February
Max average t°: -30 °C (-22 °F)
Min average t°: -32 °C (-42 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0.9 hours
Snowy days: 0-1 days
Precipitation: 6.5 mm (0,25")

Winter holidays

December 12 – Constitution Day.
December 31-January 1 – New Year Celebrations.

January 7 – Orthodox Christmas.
January 14 – Old-Style New Year.
January 19 – Orthodox Epiphany.

February – Shrovetide.
February 14 – St Valentines’ Day.
February 23 – Day of the Defenders.