Seasons in Russia Siberia

Siberia is a huge territory occupying the Northern part of Asia. Also Siberia occupies about 60 percent of Russia's territory, which is about 10 million square kilometers. The whole vast territory of Siberia lies in three climatic zones: Arctic, subarctic and temperate. All of Siberia is divided into two main parts: Western Siberia and Eastern Siberia.

The territory of Western Siberia is practically closed from the influence of Atlantic air masses of the Ural Mountains. The best access is provided with North and northeast winds blowing from the Arctic ocean and Eastern Siberia. These winds mostly prevail during the warm period (April-September) and bring cold Arctic air in the form of cyclones and anticyclones. Also in the warmer months on the territory of the region burst cyclones bringing Northwest winds to the European part of Russia. Another wind direction is from the South and South-West, i.e. from the territory of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, prevailed in the cold season and brings Asian dry air, and with it the clear and frosty weather.

The climate of Western Siberia is continental, continentality increases from West to East. In the same direction will increase the annual amplitude of temperatures.

It should be remembered that Western Siberia is the wetland a natural area of Russia. Huge total area of wetlands affects the humidity and temperature, especially in the summer. High humidity generally promotes a certain reduction of temperature, especially daily. This, in turn, leads to a decrease of the daily amplitude of temperature and, consequently, to a certain reduction of the influence of continentality.

In the cold season in Eastern Siberia, dominated by southerly winds, which brings the highs of Asia. The result of it is clear and frosty weather. In the warmer months Asian dry air is also fed to the territory of East Siberia, however, South winds are frequently replaced on the Eastern bearing sea air of the Pacific ocean and North, bringing cold Arctic air masses.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Siberia

Spring in Eastern Siberia late and short. Its beginning is marked by the establishment of a positive day temperatures. Almost throughout, it happens in the second half of April, but in the far North, the spring comes only at the end of may or even mid June when the snow melts and the daytime temperatures increase quickly.

The climate of the spring months

(Omsk)

March
Max average t°: -4 °C (25 °F)
Min average t°: -14 °C (7 °F)
Sundial in the day: 3 hours
Snowy days: 1 days
Precipitation: 25 mm (1,0")
April
Max average t°: +8 °C (47 °F)
Min average t°: -2 °C (29 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 26 mm (1.0")
May
Max average t°: +18 °C (65 °F)
Min average t°: +5.5 °C (42 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 35 mm (1,4")

Spring holidays

March, 3 - world day of the writer;
March, 7 - cross-veneration week of Lent;
March, 8 - International women's day;
March, 15 - world day of protection of consumer rights;
March, 19 - Day of the submariner;
March, 21 - Earth day;
March, 22 - world water day;
March, 25 - the day of worker of culture;
March, 27 - international theatre day;
March, 28 - the Entry of Christ into Jerusalem. Palm Sunday;

April, 1 - April fool's Day;
April, 7 - the Annunciation of the blessed virgin Mary;
April, 12 - Day of cosmonautics;
April, 13 - Radunitsa;
April, 24 - International day of youth solidarity;
April, 29 - International dance day;

May, 1 - the Holiday of Spring and Labour;
May, 6 - Day of St. George;
May, 9 - Victory Day;
May, 13 - day of the black sea fleet;
May, 15 - international family day;
May, 18 - day of the Baltic fleet;
May, 27 - all-Russian day of libraries;
May, 28 - day of border guards;
May, 31 - no tobacco Day.

Summer in Siberia

(Omsk, a city in Siberia)

Summer, as already mentioned, relatively warm, and in the South, in the steppe zone of Khakassia, Tuva and Transbaikalia, even hot. The average July temperature in the taiga zone ranges from 10-12 degrees at its Northern limit to 18-19 degrees in the South. Only in the mountains Yes, in the far North, in coastal tundra and on the Arctic ocean coast in July and August cool: at Cape Chelyuskin the average July temperature is only 2 degrees. However, on some days the temperature in the tundra can rise to 20-25 degrees, but these days in General a bit.

The climate of the summer months

(Omsk)

June
Max average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Sundial in the day: 12.5 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 37 mm (1,4")
July
Max average t°: +25 °C (78 °F)
Min average t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 6 days
Precipitation: 67 mm (2,6")
August
Max average t°: +22 °C (71 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 50 mm (2,0")


Summer holidays

June, 1 - Children's Day;
June, 5 - Day of environment;
June, 12 - Day of Russia;
June, 22 - day of memory and grief;
June, 26 - international day against drug abuse;
June, 27 - youth Day;

July, 5 - day of workers of sea and river fleet;
July, 10 - the day of military glory;

August, 2 - the day of airborne troops. Railroad day;
August, 8 - Day of the athlete;
August, 15 - day of the archaeologist;
August, 19 - the Transfiguration of the Lord;
August, 22 - the Day of State flag of the Russian Federation;
August, 27 - day of Russian cinema;
August, 28 - Dormition of the blessed virgin Mary.

Autumn in Siberia

The end of August for the most part, Eastern Siberia can be considered the beginning of autumn. Although during the day the sun is shining bright, the night is already the first ground frosts occur. Spring and autumn frosts significantly reduce the duration of frost free period. In the North it is everywhere shorter than two months, in the taiga zone is from 60 to 120-130 days. In the steppe regions since the end of may to mid September frost does not usually occur or are rare. The transition from autumn to winter faster than from spring to summer.

A large part of the precipitation in Eastern Siberia in the form of rain and snow, brought by air masses coming from the West and North-West. From the East the territory is fenced by a barrier of mountains, and the damp winds from the Pacific ocean penetrate only occasionally in the Eastern regions of Transbaikalia, where in the late summer of plentiful rain brought by monsoon winds.

The climate of the autumn months

(Omsk)

September
Max average t°: +16 °C (61 °F)
Min average t°: +5 °C (42 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 30 mm (1,1")
October
Max average t°: +6 °C (43 °F)
Min average t°: -2 °C (29 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 29 mm (1,1")
November
Max average t°: -4 °C (24 °F)
Min average t°: -12 °C (11 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Snowy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 31 mm (1,2")

Autumn holidays

September, 1 - knowledge Day;
September, 3 - the Day of solidarity in the fight against terrorism;
September, 21 - Nativity of the blessed virgin Mary;
September, 27 - Exaltation of the Holy cross. Tourism day;

October, 1 - International day of older persons. International music day;
October, 5 - Teachers ' Day;
October, 14 - protection of the blessed virgin;
October, 30 - memory Day of victims of political repressions;

November, 4 - national unity Day;
November, 28 - Beginning of Nativity fast;
November, 29 - Mother's Day.

Winter in Siberia

Due to the constancy of the weather, great dryness of the air, the abundance of clear, sometimes Sunny days and lack of winds and low temperatures in winter are transferred relatively easily.

The inhabitant of Irkutsk or Chita considers bracing thirty-degree frost as commonplace, as a resident of Peter frost to -10 degrees. Getting off the train arriving from Moscow or St. Petersburg, do not immediately feel that the temperature is below 20-25 degrees, as the light is not on-winter the bright sun, the air does not move, the sky is cloudless. At the beginning of March from the roofs starts drops, and people who are not accustomed to peculiarities of local climate, with disbelief looks at the thermometer showing 15-20 degrees below zero.

And yet it is impossible not to draw attention to the fact that the exceptional severity of the winter and the low temperatures greatly complicates and makes it difficult to live and work and to everyday life.

Suffice it to say, for example, that in the construction of houses provides a more thickened and recessed in comparison with the usual middle lane steps, increases fuel consumption. Therefore, housing and industrial construction much more expensive and requires more effort than, say, in the European part of our country.

The climate of the winter months

(Omsk)

December
Max average t°: -10 °C (14 °F)
Min average t°: -18.5 °C (-1 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1.5 hours
Snowy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 28 mm (1,1")
January
Max average t°: -13 °C (9 °F)
Min average t°: -22 °C (-7 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Snowy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 15 mm (0,6")
February
Max average t°: -12 °C (11 °F)
Min average t°: -21.5 °C (-7 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Snowy days: ~0-1 days
Precipitation: 13 mm (0,5")

Winter holidays

December, 3 - international day of persons with disabilities;
December, 4 - Introduction to the Theotokos;
December, 10 - human rights Day;
December, 12 - Constitution Day;
December, 24 - the Day of military glory.

January, 1 - New Year;
January, 6 - Christmas eve;
January, 7 - Christmas;
January, 11 - Day of reserves and national parks;
January, 12 - Day of the Prosecutor of the Russian Federation;
January, 13 - Russian press Day;
January, 14 - Circumcision of our Lord;
January, 14 - Old New Year;
January, 18 - Epiphany eve;
January, 19 - the Baptism of our Lord. Epiphany;
January, 25 - day of the Russian students;

February, 14 - Valentine's Day;
February, 23 - Fatherland Defender's Day.