Seasons in Russia

In a territorial scale Russia is the largest country in the world with a varied topography, climatic conditions, flora and fauna. On its territory there are diverse plains and mountain vegetation and lots of rivers and lakes.

A distinctive feature of the Russian nature is a variety of climatic conditions with a clear division of the season. With the onset of each season flora and fauna dramatically changes. The country is located in three eight time zones and in three climatic zones. Such location also affects the variety and diversity of nature.


Weather and Climate

The climate in Russian regions:

  • Russian Karelia
  • Russia Krasnodar region
  • Russia Siberia
  • Russian Yakutia
  • Russian Far East

Spring in Central Russia

Spring is the most wonderful season with transformations and changes in everything. This is a time of melting snow, flowing streams and blooming willow. International Women’s Day is celebrated in the first month of spring. Nature returns to life after long winter hibernation: woods put on gorgeous green outfits and fruit trees and shrubs are covered with pleasing to the eye blossoms and spread fragrance.

The middle of spring (between ending of April and beginning of May) is the time for major Christian celebration of Easter. May first is the date of national celebration of Labor Day. May 9 is the most sensitive and touching celebration of all. It is the day of Victory in the Great Patriotic War (WW II). On this day there are meeting with veterans, performances on squares in their honor and other sings of attention are. By this time numerous city flowerbeds are covered with blooming tulips.

The climate of the spring months

(Moscow)

March
Max average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Min average t°: -8 °C (17.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 35 mm (1.4")
April
Max average t°: +10 °C (50 °F)
Min average t°: +1 °C (33.8 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 37 mm (1.4")
May
Max average t°: +19 °C (66.2 °F)
Min average t°: +8 °C (46.4 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 53 mm (2.1")

Spring holidays

  • March 8: International Women’s Day.
  • April 1st: April Fool’s Day.
  • April 2nd: Day of Unity.
  • April 12: Cosmonautics Day.
  • April 26: Day in memory of the victims of radiation accidents and catastrophes.
  • May 1st: Spring and Labour Day.
  • May 9: Victory Day.

Summer in Central Russia

Summer is the one of most pleasant seasons. This is the period of starting school holidays so many families are planning their vacations in nature, in the countryside, at sea or in the mountains. This time of year have pleasant warm weather. One can enjoy magnificent taste of variety of juicy berries through the whole summer. This is the time for ripening of vegetables and other agricultural greenery. Meanwhile wild animals keep growing their offspring which were born in the spring or beginning of summer.

By the end of the summer all leaves lose their bright colors and toke on dark green and brown tints. This is the time when grass turns yellow and ripened wheat, rye and barley crop are harvested. During the harvest forests are full of ripened mushrooms. Summer is the most suitable time for vacations by the sea. Comfortable temperature of water allows full enjoying all the marvels of this time of the year.

The climate of the summer months

(Moscow)

June
Max average t°: +21 °C (69.8 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (51.8 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 58 mm (2.3")
Jule
Max average t°: +23 °C (73.4 °F)
Min average t°: +13 °C (55.4 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 88 mm (3.5")
August
Max average t°: +22°C (71. °F)
Min average t°: +12 °C (53.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 70 mm (2.7")


Summer holidays

  • June 1st: International Children's Day.
  • June 6: Pushkin’s Day (Day of Russian language).
  • June 12: National Russia’s Day.
  • June 22: Day of Memory and Grief (beginning of WW II).
  • July 8: Day of Family, Love and Fidelity.
  • July 28: Day of the Baptism of Rus.
  • August 22: State Flag Day of the Russian Federation.
  • August 27: Day of Russian Cinema.

Autumn in Central Russia

Autumn is beautiful season. This is the period when trees are covered with their golden outfits. Leaves change their colors to yellow, gold, red and fulvous. The incredible beauty of nature in this season fascinates with its varied and unusual colors. At that time, many birds, who arrived in the spring and raise their young, fly away to warmer climes to spend winter in comfortable conditions. By the end of autumn trees shed their leaves and prepare for the winter. Also people celebrate autumn harvest festival which means that all harvest is gathered and all preparations for the winter coming are finished.

First of September – the first day of autumn marks the beginning of school and is celebrated as the feast of knowledge. And the first Sunday of October is a Professional Teacher’s Day. Period between October and December is a time of many other professional holidays. At this time in the villages there are many weddings.

The climate of the autumn months

(Moscow)

September
Max average t°: +16 °C (60.8 °F)
Min average t°: +7 °C (44.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 58 mm (2.3")
October
Max average t°: +9 °C (48.2 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (37.4 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 45 mm (1.8")
November
Max average t°: +2 °C (35.6 °F)
Min average t°: -3 °C (26.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hour
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 47 mm (1.8")

Autumn holidays

  • September 1: Day of Knowledge.
  • September 3: Day of solidarity in the fight against terrorism.
  • September 27: World Tourism Day.
  • October 1st: Day of Older Persons.
  • October 30: Day of Remembrance of Victims of Political Repression.
  • Last Sunday of November: Mother’s Day.

Winter in Central Russia

Winter is a coldest season of the year. By this time all trees have lost their foliage and only conifers remain green. Snow cover is excellent protection against severe frosts. It envelops trees, fields and houses with charming white covering. Under a white blanket of snow everything looks majestic and graceful.

Thus time of year is known for having a biggest and joyful holiday, celebration of New Year. Its arrival is celebrated at midnight. In Russia one can celebrate New Year for eight times at once. This caused by location of the country in eight time zones. Therefore the celebration is kind of traveling from east to west of Russia during eight hours.

And January 7 is time for Christian Russians to celebrate Christmas, one of the most important religious holidays. This holiday have a national importance and is considered as a day off.

The climate of the winter months

(Moscow)

December
Max average t°: -5 °C (23 °F)
Min average t°: -10 °C (14 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hour
Rainy days: 15 days
Precipitation: 54 mm (2.1")
January
Max average t°: -9 °C (15.8 °F)
Min average t°: -16 °C (3.2 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hour
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1.6")
February
Max average t°: -6 °C (21.2 °F)
Min average t°: -14 °C (6.8 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 38 mm (1.5")

Winter holidays

  • December 9: Heroes of the Fatherland Day.
  • December 12: Constitution Day of the Russian Federation.
  • January 1-6,8: New Year holidays.
  • January 7: Christmas.
  • January 25: Tatyana's Day (a holiday for all students).
  • February 8: Day of Russian Science.
  • February 23: Defender of the Fatherland Day