Seasons in Myanmar

High northern mountains of Myanmar protect rest of territory of the country from cold air masses from Central Asia. Thus subtropical and tropical monsoon climate prevails in Myanmar except small southernmost portion with subequatorial weather conditions. Savannahs in central part of the country are prone to sandstorm at dry period of a year.

Weather conditions of south and north parts are almost opposite. While in south temperature never drops below 16 °C (61 °F) northern mountains are covered with ice-caps. Usual division of a year into four seasons is not applicable to Myanmar. There three seasons instead: rainy, cold and arid.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Myanmar

First month of calendar spring brings local analogue of summer to Myanmar. Air temperature rises above 30 °C (86 °F) everywhere. In center regions of the country heat may reach 40 °C (104 °F) and even higher. April marks heist of arid season. Temperature of air rises even more and there are no signs of rain.

May is divided in half by rest of dry season and beginning of rains. At second half of the month tropical monsoons drive heavy rain clouds in southern regions where they actually stay. Central and northern portion of Myanmar aren’t as exposed to rains as southern. So coastal areas are better places to visit the country at spring.

The climate of the spring months

(Naypyidaw)

March
Max average t°: +36 °C (97 °F)
Min average t°: +20 °C (69 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11.5 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 3 mm (0.1")
April
Max average t°: +38 °C (101 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 16 mm (0.6")
May
Max average t°: +35 °C (96 °F)
Min average t°: +25 °C (76 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9.5 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 93 mm (3.7")

Spring holidays

March 2 - Peasants' Day.
March 27 – Armed Forces Day.

April 13-17 - Myanmar New Year Holidays.
May 1 - May Day.

Buddhists of Myanmar also have numerous celebrations bonded to certain dates in Lunar Calendar through whole year.

Summer in Myanmar

In terms of range of temperatures summer brings minor changes to weather conditions of Myanmar. Most of them are concerning central regions where average daytime temperature at June and July drops to about 35 °C (95 °F). Although this time is considered as rainy season rains in central and northern regions are nit as hard as in south of the country.

August brings no changes to weather of Myanmar at all. Unless makes staying on south of country almost unbearable when heat combines with extreme humidity. So central and northern parts of Myanmar are preferable to visit at this time.

The climate of the summer months

(Naypyidaw)

June
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 18 days
Precipitation: 187 mm (7.4")
July
Max average t°: +31 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 19 days
Precipitation: 225 mm (8.9")
August
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5.5 hours
Rainy days: 21 days
Precipitation: 216 mm (8.5")


Summer holidays

July 19 – Martyrs' Day.

At July starts Vassa – three-month Rains Retreat.

Autumn in Myanmar

September and first half of October are remaining rainy season. But since second half of October weather starts to gradually acquire features of local winter which is the best season for voyage in Myanmar. Temperature returns in most comfortable range and rains are all out.

October fixes positive changes and makes any kind of activities (diving, sightseeing, seaside vacations) as pleasant as it possible. Planning to go to mountainous regions visitors should regard significant difference with temperatures of plain parts of country and grab some sweaters.

The climate of the autumn months

(Naypyidaw)

September
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 18 days
Precipitation: 180 mm (7.1")
October
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (73 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 106 mm (4.2")
November
Max average t°: +31 °C (88 °F)
Min average t°: +20 °C (69 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 24 mm (0.9")

Autumn holidays

At October Myanmar Buddhists celebrate ending of thee-month Vassa retreat.

Winter in Myanmar

December is the midst of cold season in Myanmar (which is actually is the most comfortable one). January brings slight drop of average temperature to about 28 °C (82 °F). Even the hottest central parts aren’t that hot.

February is the transition point between cold and arid seasons. Visit should be planned on first half of the month. By the end of February arid season is completely in charge. Exhausting heat is slightly smoothed by oceanic breeze but only in coastal part of the country. Rest of it is rather unpleasant place up until second half of May.

The climate of the winter months

(Naypyidaw)

December
Max average t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Min average t°: +16 °C (61 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 6 mm (0.2")
January
Max average t°: +30 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +14 °C (58 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 15 mm (0.6")
February
Max average t°: +34 °C (92 °F)
Min average t°: +16 °C (60 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 0.1 mm (0.003")

Winter holidays

December 25 – Christmas.

January 1 – New Year.

January 4 – Independence Day.

February 12 - Union Day.