Seasons in Jordan

About 90% or territory of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is covered with sands so weather in the country is warm if not in fact hot. Overall weather conditions are determined by arid tropical climate with some features of Mediterranean conditions in north-west portion of the country.

Summer is very hot time when temperature may rise to 42 °C (108 °C). At winter weather is uneven. Coastal areas are warmer than inland regions. Distribution of amount of precipitation is uneven too. Mentioned north-western regions are getting most rains. Amount of precipitation in desert is six times lower.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Jordan

Spring is one of the best seasons for visit to Jordan. Some precipitation at beginning of the season doesn’t spoil overall comfort of weather conditions. Yet March is warm not everywhere. People with health issues (cardiovascular and endocrine systems) will appreciate conditions in the capital and Petra while “thermophilic” individuals may find it cool. At this period there is high probability of khamsin, dry hot wind.

At April weather stabilizes and actual summer comes to central regions of Jordan while in coastal areas there is real heat. At May average temperature of air and water reaches 29-35 °C (84-95 °F) and 24 °C (75 °F) respectively. However evenings are still pretty cool (except coasts).

The climate of the spring months

(Amman)

March
Max average t°: +16 °C (61 °F)
Min average t°: +6 °C (42 °F)
Water t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 12 mm (0.5")
April
Max average t°: +22 °C (71 °F)
Min average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Water t°: +21.5 °C (71 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 11 mm (0.4")
May
Max average t°: +27 °C (81 °F)
Min average t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
Water t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Sundial in the day: 12.5 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 8 mm (0.3")

Summer in Jordan

This season in the Jordan is hot and dry. Highest temperatures are in coasts of the Dead Sea and in the Valley of Jordan River. At August, the hottest month of a year, daytime temperature rises to 38-42 °C (100-108 °F). Eastern resort area is bit cooler. The capital located on highlands in north-western part of the country temperature is even lower – 33 °C (91 °F).

There is almost no precipitation at summer yet there are hot winds which occasionally grow to sandstorms. Nights in coastal areas are rather cool but inland deserts make dark time of day in central regions cooler due to features of desert climate.

The climate of the summer months

(Amman)

June
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +15 °C (60 °F)
Water t°: +26 °C (79 °F)
Sundial in the day: 14 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 0.1 mm (0.004")
July
Max average t°: +31 °C (88 °F)
Min average t°: +17.5 °C (63 °F)
Water t°: +28.5 °C (83 °F)
Sundial in the day: 14 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 0 mm (0.00")
August
Max average t°: +31.5 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 13 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 0.2 mm (0.007")


Autumn in Jordan

Fall in Jordan is another “high season”. Summer heat goes away followed by pleasant warmth. In addition at second half of September water of seas cools a bit. By the end of the season it reaches mark of 25 °C (77 °F). And such temperature is great because of its cooling effect.

At November in cities and towns of central portion of the country temperature of air is about 20 °C (68 °F) and occasional drizzle. However coasts of the Dead Sea are much warmer and drier with their 27 °C (81 °F). Daily range of temperatures is still pretty wide: from 7 °C in northern regions to 15 °C in southern lands.

The climate of the autumn months

(Amman)

September
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +15.5 °C (60 °F)
Water t°: +28 °C (82 °F)
Sundial in the day: 12 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 1.5 mm (0.06")
October
Max average t°: +26.5 °C (80°F)
Min average t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
Water t°: +25.5 °C (78 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10.5 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 8 mm (0.3")
November
Max average t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Min average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Water t°: +23.5 °C (74 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 17 mm (0.7")

Winter in Jordan

Actual warmth and relative dryness at winter in Jordan is concentrated on coasts of the Dead Sea and in Aqaba. The rest of the country is way cooler with 13 °C (55 °F) and 4 °C (39 °F) at day and night respectively. North-western parts of the country are rainy through three winter months. In Amman, the capital of Jordan, there is even several snowy days which enough to “paralyze” traffic of the city.

January is the coldest month of a year yet at February weather begin transformation into its pleasant warm state.

The climate of the winter months

(Amman)

December
Max average t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Min average t°: +5 °C (41 °F)
Water t°: +23 °C (73 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation:17 mm (0.7")
January
Max average t°: +12 °C (53 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (38 °F)
Water t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 28 mm (1.1")
February
Max average t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
Min average t°: +4 °C (39 °F)
Water t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 23 mm (0.9")

Holidays in Jordan

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is one of non-secular states with Islam as official religion. 95% of population professes Islam. Regarding those circumstances using Islamic calendar for setting dates of main holidays seems to be logically justified decision.

On the other hand this makes some complications in matching dates with Gregorian calendar. Point is Islamic calendar is 10 to 11 days shorter and same dates in Islamic calendar at any given year correspond to different dates in Gregorian except Labor Day (1 May) which is held according to Gregorian chronology.

Here’s the list of main holidays in Jordan with dates in Islamic calendar:

10 Dhul Hijja – Feast of the Sacrifice or the Big Feast.

1 Shawwal – The Little Feast.

1 Muharram – Hijri New Year.

27 Rajab – Isra and Mi'raj.

12 Rabi' al-awwal – Prophet Muhammad's birthday.