Seasons in Finland

Edge of the midnight sun, "the country of thousands of lakes and Islands" Finland is located North-West of Russia, most of it is North of the Arctic circle. Finland is characterized by Maritime climate on the coasts and temperate continental in the country. Because of its proximity to the sea in the spring of the air in coastal areas, cooled, and warmed in the autumn. Than the North and East, the harsher becomes the climate of Finland.

Today Finland is one of the most visited Scandinavian countries with a stable tourist flow during the whole year. Primarily in Suomi go for the magic Christmas night in the company of a genuine Santa Claus, the unique beauty of nature in winter polar regions, as well as recreation opportunities are quite affordable ski resorts. Contrary to the widespread stereotype that Finland is a country of exclusive winter destinations, we hasten to reassure: summer holiday here are not less popular and exciting. In addition to the many sights Dating back several centuries, tourists are tempted by good fishing, boat cruises, rafting, river rapids, water-recreation centers with a "tropical" climate, and numerous international festivals.

Although a significant portion of "the country of thousand lakes" is located in the vicinity of the Arctic circle, the climate in Finland can be considered very moderate. The warm Gulf stream is responsible for the fact that even in the most severe winter weather in Finland happy campers plenty of Sunny days and absence of severe frosts.

The average temperature in Finland varies from region to region. In the southern and Eastern regions of the country dominated temperate Maritime and continental climate. In Northern Finland the climate shifts from continental to Arctic type. In General, the weather in Finland is strongly reminiscent of the one that can be observed in Karelia and North-Western regions of Russia.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Finland

Spring in Finland begins with the hot sun and the quick melting of the winter snow. In the Central part of the country this occurs in early April, in Lapland – from the end of may.

In March in coastal areas and in the South-West of the archipelago begins to melt the snow. Day at this time often it is clear weather with weak winds, but cold nights freeze the melt water, resulting in the morning on the roads formed ice. In April, the thermometer usually reaches the mark of 7 degrees, this month on the coast was finally coming off the snow cover. In may, there is up to 15 degrees in the southern and Central areas through the chilled raw ground breaks young grass. As the North is gradually returning sun, it rises above the horizon all of the above, with the result that the days are getting warmer. However, for those areas subject to extreme cooling, and even at the end of may this probability is quite large. So, in some years in Lapland in March recorded the temperature to -30 degrees, in April and up to -20 degrees. At the end of may already thawed are covered by forest regions and the Northern territory.

The climate of the spring months

(Helsinki)

March
Max average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Min average t°: -6 °C (21 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 38 mm (1,5")
April
Max average t°: +6 °C (43 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 39 mm (1,5")
May
Max average t°: +13 °C (55 °F)
Min average t°: +4 °C (39 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 46 mm (1,8")

Spring holidays

 

  • March, 19 – the day of equal rights;
  • April, 27 – National veterans day;
  • April – Easter Lutheran;
  • May, 1 – May Day;
  • The second Sunday of May – Mother's Day.

Summer in Finland

Summer in Finland lasts two to four months, the season of plant growth lasts from four to six. Warm summers with plenty of sun and the famous "white nights" is the best time to travel to Finland. The temperature in the hottest month and July can rise up to 30 degrees.

Summer in Finland is moderately warm weather, in the afternoon the air temperature ranges from +19 to +21 degrees, and July is the "hottest" month of the year. In the South-East of the country have the highest average daily air temperature is generally 3 degrees more, although sometimes here penetrate the tropical winds from the Atlantic, which lead to the increase of the temperature to +30 degrees. Coastal South-Western part of the country is considered the most Sunny region in Northern Europe. Daylight during the "white nights" of the Arctic circle lasts for 20 hours a day for 73 days. In the South at night is much darker, the light level at this time is reminiscent of twilight. Early in the summer pretty dry, but in July and August is the season of heavy rains, often accompanied by thunderstorms.

In summer, Finns mostly spend their vacations in the lakes: fish, grilled kebabs, sunbathe and, of course, swimming. Along recreation areas located hotels and cottages, so not need to go far. The beach season opens in June, but the water temperature at this time does not exceed 18 degrees. In July it warms up to 21 degrees. As to the Baltic sea coast, beach rest there in Tabor. Because of the strong cold underwater currents in the Finnish Baltic sea is hardly possible to swim.

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The climate of the summer months

(Helsinki)

June
Max average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Min average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 48 mm (1,9")
Jule
Max average t°: +21 °C (70 °F)
Min average t°: +12 °C (54 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 61 mm (2,4")
August
Max average t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 77 mm (3,0")


Summer holidays

  • June, 4 – Flag Day of defence forces of Finland;
  • June, 12 – Day of Foundation of Helsinki;
  • June, 20-26 (movable date) – Midsummer, coinciding with the Day of the Finnish flag.

Autumn in Finland

Golden autumn is coming to Finland in September-October – nature is filled with bright colors, and ripen in the forests of berries and mushrooms appear. This is an extremely popular time for tours to Finland.

In the South of the country is pleasant, moderately warm weather persisted until the middle of September, then starts to sharply colder. In the North, the first snow begins to fall in the first month of autumn, and the rest of the territory (except the coast) Finland in October. Before you set permanent snow cover, serious snow possible. On the "equator" of the autumn air temperature drops to +5 degrees in the southern regions and to 0 degrees North. For November, very typical squally winds and blizzards, as they move towards the capital turned into heavy rains.

In October-December, the weather in Finland begins to deteriorate rapidly – are frequent rains accompanied by cold winds, and Sunny days are waning. This period is considered the worst time to visit Finland.

The climate of the autumn months

(Helsinki)

September
Max average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Min average t°: +7 °C (45 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 69 mm (2,7")
October
Max average t°: +8 °C (46°F)
Min average t°: +2 °C (36 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 68 mm (2,7")
November
Max average t°: +2 °C (36 °F)
Min average t°: -1 °C (30 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 66 mm (2,6")

Autumn holidays

  • September, 1 – knowledge day;
  • November, 6 – Day of the Swedish culture;
  • November, 8 – father's Day.

Winter in Finland

Calendar winter is coming to Finland already with sub-zero temperatures. In January and February in southern Lapland, in Rovaniemi, the temperature is from -14 to -20 degrees. On the coast of the southern and Western parts of the country and in Helsinki these figures are slightly higher – from -3 to -10 degrees. Here, as a rule, snow falls only on Christmas, and then in much smaller volumes. For comparison: the height of snow cover in the South from 10 to 30 cm in Lapland – from 60 to 100 cm In the North, in Utsjoki, in the winter there is a "polar night". The sun doesn't rise above the horizon within 1.5 months, to expect it to be not before mid-January. I would like to instead "work" the street lamps. But the inhabitants of the North can enjoy the fascinating spectacle – "Aurora Borealis". At the latitude of Rovaniemi it lasts only two days, in the days of the winter solstice. In the South of Finland you can occasionally observe its echoes, here, daylight lasts for about 6 hours a day.

Winters in Finland are snowy, cold and wet. About 4-5 months and in Lapland – more 7, is snow. Snowy winter in Finland has come into its own since the end of December and lasts until mid-April (in the North until the end of may). Winter is the most popular time for outdoor activities in Finland. Ski resorts in Finland attract thousands of tourists from Russia, Europe and other regions of the world.

Finland can boast a large set of black runs, high mountain slopes and exciting descents, but comfortable, superbly equipped ski resorts with quite affordable prices in the country abound. Beginners and "middling" will feel more than fine. Additional entertainment – snowmobile safaris, reindeer sleigh rides, ice fishing, sauna. Ski season opens in mid-October (in some centers at the beginning of November) and lasts till April - mid may. The amplitude of the fluctuations in air temperature during this period ranges from -3 to -18 degrees.

The climate of the winter months

(Helsinki)

December
Max average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Min average t°: -4 °C (25 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0,5 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 65 mm (2,6")
January
Max average t°: -3 °C (27 °F)
Min average t°: -8 °C (18 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 55 mm (2,2")
February
Max average t°: -3 °C (27 °F)
Min average t°: -9 °C (16 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")

Winter holidays

  • December, 6 – Independence day;
  • December, 6 – Finland independence Day;
  • December, 8 – Day of Jean Sibelius and Finnish music;
  • December, 25 – Christmas;
  • December, 26 – St. Stephen's Day;
  • January, 1 – New Year;
  • January, 6 – Epiphany.