Seasons in Estonia

Roughly climate of Estonia is divided into two half. Eastern is characterized by pronounced continental type of weather conditions and western lies under influence of Baltic Sea. Hence continental part of country is slightly colder. Warmest month of a year is July and coldest one is February. Dull and cloudy weather prevails.

In general summer is mildly warm and winter is cold and snowy. Climate on islands is naturally different to inland weather conditions. First of all by more precipitations and stronger winds. Average humidity and temperatures levels of coastal areas and islands are formed under influence of Atlantic cyclones and Gulf Stream.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Estonia

Estonian spring has remarkably fickle weather. Judging by the weather March is in fact winter month. Showers are followed by snow and strong winds in the most unpredictable manner. Despite growth of temperature and length of a day there’s no actual warming.

Coming of April is accompanied by significant growth of temperature. At April temperature in capital reaches mark of +80C (460F). Ice on sea, rivers and lakes begin to melt causing flood threat. This period is considered as actual beginning of spring.

May rises average temperature up to 150C (590F). Drizzling rain becomes common. Mornings and evenings are still pretty cold so thoughtful travelers will take some warm waterproof clothes. Last days of month are time of White Nights.

The climate of the spring months

(Tallinn)

March
Max average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Min average t°: -7 °C (19 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 20 mm (0,8")
April
Max average t°: +7 °C (45 °F)
Min average t°: 0 °C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 30 mm (1.2")
May
Max average t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Min average t°: +5 °C (41 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 8 days
Precipitation: 45 mm (1,8")

Spring holidays

8 March – International Women’s Day.
14 March – Native Language Day.

30 April – Walpurgis Night.

9 May – Europe’s Day in Estonia.
Second Sunday of May – Mother’s Day.
Common Easter celebrations.

Summer in Estonia

Estonian Summer is very soft. Such weather is wholesome for people with cardiovascular and pulmonary conditions. Average day temperature is somewhere around 210C (700F). Temperature may reach 260C (790F) but its rather uncommon occasion. Coastal areas are blown by cool sea breeze so high temperature isn’t concerning.

Since country is located in northern latitudes July brings White Nights. Amount of daylight hours is reaching 19 so visitors are able to observe natural phenomena of exceptional beauty. In the second half of June amount of precipitations starts to gradually grow. Yet despite slightly humid weather this period is the height of swimming season. Still evenings are rather cool about 120C (540F).

The climate of the summer months

(Tallinn)

June
Max average t°: +19 °C (66 °F)
Min average t°: +10 °C (50 °F)
Sundial in the day: 11 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")
July
Max average t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Min average t°: +12 °C (54°F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 9 days
Precipitation: 70 mm (2,8")
August
Max average t°: +19 °C (66 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 10 days
Precipitation: 80 mm (3,2")


Summer holidays

4 June – National Flag Day.
14 June – Day of Mourning and Commemoration for victims of Soviet deportations.
23 June – Victory Day.
24 June – Midsummer Day.

20 August – Estonian restoration of Independence Day.
23 August – European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism.
24 August – Day of the Guardian.

Autumn in Estonia

In Estonia coming of actual Autumn is almost simultaneous to calendar change of seasons. Weather is still warm but nature bursts with crimson, gold, brown and orange. October days are wrapped up in veil of occasional milky fogs and partly cloudy. With count of October’s days frequency of drizzling rains grows while average temperature drops to about 80C (460F).

During November weather in Estonia becomes completely unpleasant. Significant drop of temperature and intensive winds aren’t best conditions for walks and wandering. As in most European countries late Autumn in Estonia is rather unwelcoming.

The climate of the autumn months

(Tallinn)

September
Max average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Min average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 70 mm (2,8")
October
Max average t°: +10 °C (50 °F)
Min average t°: +4 °C (39 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 70 mm (2,8")
November
Max average t°: +3 °C (37 °F)
Min average t°: -1 °C (30 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 45 mm (1,8")

Autumn holidays

Second Sunday of September – Grandparents Day.
22 September - Resistance Fighting Day.

31 October – Halloween.

11 November – Father’s Day.
25 November - Kadrin's Day.

Winter in Estonia

Estonian Winter is cold or even severe in certain regions of country. Weather of coastal areas is relatively better. Average temperature of coldest month (January) is about -30C (270F) at daytime and about -90C (160F) at night. Snow starts to fall at around middle of December and remains to mid-March. But it snows occasionally. Meanwhile amount of daylight hours is decreasing to about 6.

By the beginning of December temperature of water finally drops below zero (0C) thus the ice begins to appear by the coasts. When ice gains significant thickness tourist are able to travel to islands via spectacular icy roads.

The climate of the winter months

(Tallinn)

December
Max average t°: -1 °C (30 °F)
Min average t°: -7 °C (19 °F)
Sundial in the day: 0,5 hours
Rainy days: 13 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")
January
Max average t°: -4 °C (25 °F)
Min average t°: -10 °C (14 °F)
Sundial in the day: 1 hours
Rainy days: 13 days
Precipitation: 40 mm (1,6")
February
Max average t°: -4 °C (25 °F)
Min average t°: -10 °C (14 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 30 mm (1,2")

Winter holidays

24 December – Christmas Eve.
25 December – Christmas.

1 January – New Year.
3 January – Memorial Day of the Fighters of the War of Independence in Estonia.
6 January – The Epiphany.

2 February – Anniversary of the Tartu Peace Treaty + Candles Day.
13 February – Shrovetide.
14 February – St. Valentine’s Day.