Seasons in Azerbaijan

Climate of Azerbaijan is diverse. The country has nine climatic zones from alpine to subtropical. Such diversity of weather conditions is formed under influence of geological features of the country. Main factors are maintains and Caspian Sea.

Slow cooling and warming of such massive body of water affect weather in coastal territories. On the other hand there is altitude zonality and flows of dry air from Central Asia so annual range of temperature of the country is about 60 °C (≈108 °F). In addition Azerbaijan is very sunny country where amount of sunny hours reaches 2700 per year.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Azerbaijan

Spring comes to plain parts of the country at beginning of March and to mountainous regions at April. At first half of the season weather is uncertain with rapid shifts between warming and cooling. Yet spring frosts are short. At April plains are blossoming under soft sun while in mountains nature is still in the middle of awakening and thaw.

May is almost summer month at least in Absheron peninsula and Kur-Araz Lowlands where average daily temperature reaches 20 °C (68 °F). By the ending of spring heat comes to flatlands while in mountains there is the peak of seasonal changes of nature yet remains certain possibility of night frosts.

The climate of the spring months

(Baku)

March
Max average t°: +10 °C (50 °F)
Min average t°: +4 °C (39 °F)
Water t°: +7.5 °C (46 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 16.5 mm (0.6")
April
Max average t°: +17 °C (62 °F)
Min average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Water t°: +11.5 °C (53 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10.5 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 6 mm (0.2")
May
Max average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Min average t°: +14 °C (58 °F)
Water t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Sundial in the day: 13 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 6 mm (0.2")

Spring holidays

March 5 – Sports Day.
March 8 - International Women's Day
March 20–24 – Spring Festival (Nowruz).

May 9 – Victory Day.
May 10 – Flowers cekebration.
May 28 – Republic Day.

Summer in Azerbaijan

In terms of weather summer is the longest season in Azerbaijan. It is hot and dry. Average temperature of June in lowlands is about 27 °C (81 °F) with slightly cooler coastal areas. Occasionally hot tropical air masses bring heat up to 35 °C (95 °F). Such leaps are especially frequent in plain portion of Nakchivan autonomous region. August is slightly cooler by 2 to 3 °C (≈5 °F).

However average summer temperature depends on altitude too. For example at 2000 m (6500 ft.) a.s.l it will be 15 °C (59 °F) and at 3000 m (9800 ft.) a.s.l it is even lower about 10 °C (50 °F). Altitude zonality as it is.

The climate of the summer months

(Baku)

June
Max average t°: +27 °C (81 °F)
Min average t°: +19 °C (66 °F)
Water t°: +23.5 °C (74 °F)
Sundial in the day: 14 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 5.5 mm (0.2")
July
Max average t°: +31 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Water t°: +26 °C (79 °F)
Sundial in the day: 13.5 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 5 mm (0.2")
August
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +22.5 °C (73 °F)
Water t°: +27 °C (81 °F)
Sundial in the day: 13 hours
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 3 mm (0.1")


Summer holidays

June 15 – National Salvation Day.

June 26 – Azerbaijan Armed Forces Day.

August 1 – Day of the Azerbaijan alphabet and language.

Autumn in Azerbaijan

September in lowlands is rather summer month in terms of weather conditions. Temperature of air drops to about 20 °C (68 °F). It is still warm but there’s no exhausting heat. In mountains September brings actual autumn with withering and cold.

At October there is some precipitation with lesser amounts in plains and bigger in mountains. November brings another cooling and new portion of precipitation especially to foothills. In alpine regions snow cover forms at November. Azerbaijan is sunny country but visiting it at November may question this statement due to dull and cloudy nature of the month.

The climate of the autumn months

(Baku)

September
Max average t°: +26 °C (78 °F)
Min average t°: +19 °C (66 °F)
Water t°: +24.5 °C (76 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10.5 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 25 mm (1.0")
October
Max average t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Min average t°: +13 °C (56 °F)
Water t°: +19.5 °C (67 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 20 mm (0.8")
November
Max average t°: +17 °C (63 °F)
Min average t°: +12 °C (53 °F)
Water t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 14 mm (0.6")

Autumn holidays

September 18 – Day of the National Music.
October 18 – Independence Day.

November 9 – Flag Day.
November 12 – Constitution Day.
November 17 – National Revival Day.

Winter in Azerbaijan

Cold season id Azerbaijan is rather mild. It begins at the middle of December in plain lands and at November in mountains. Temperature barely drops lower than 00C (320F). Severe frosts are exception. Snow cover remains for short period or absent at all. Foehn winds are typical for the season.

At January, the coldest month, temperature in Asheron Peninsula is 4 °C (39 °F) and depends on altitude. At 2000 m (6500 ft.) a.s.l. it is about -6 °C (21 °F) while at 3000 (9800 ft.) -12 °C (10 °F) respectively. There are probability of frosts with -20 °C (-4 °F) in mountains and -10 °C (14 °F) in lowlands and foothills.

The climate of the winter months

(Baku)

December
Max average t°: +10 °C (50 °F)
Min average t°: +4 °C (40 °F)
Water t°: +9°C (48 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5.5 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 19 mm (0.7")
January
Max average t°: +7 °C (44 °F)
Min average t°: +2 °C (35 °F)
Water t°: +7 °C (45 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 20 mm (0.8")
February
Max average t°: +6 °C (43 °F)
Min average t°: +1.5 °C (35 °F)
Water t°: +6 °C (43 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5.5 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 24 mm (0.9")

Winter holidays

December 31 – International Solidarity Day of Azerbaijanis.

January 1–2 – New Year's Day.
January 20 – Martyrs' Day.
January 30 – Day of Azerbaijani customs.

February 2 – Day of Youth in Azerbaijan.
February 11 – Day of Revenue Service.
February 26 – Day of Remembrance for Victims of Khojaly massacre.
In addition Azerbaijani celebrate all Islamic holidays due to 92% of population profess Islam.