Antarctica is the continent on the South Pole. It the coldest place with biggest desert on Earth. Severity of its climate is caused by number of factors. First of them is altitude. Relief of the continent is amended with enormous layer of ice thus average altitude is higher than in other continents. However main reason of Antarctic cold is ice cover.
Climate of the Antarctic Peninsula is the mildest on the continent. Middle of summer (January) is the warmest time with averages of 1 to 2 °C (34-36 °C) and in June temperature drops to about -15…-20 °C (+5…-4 °F). Western coasts are warmest with 3 to 4 months with positive (above 32 °F) temperature and winter averages around -10 °C (14 °F). However in regions beyond 68th parallel of south latitude and in north-western coasts there are only 2 months with positive temperatures and winter average is -15 °C (5 °F). South-eastern part of the peninsula is coldest region.