Seasons in Panama

There are two basic climatic zones in Panama. First of them is flatland with humid typical climate and second is highland with so cold “eternal spring”. Plain regions have average daytime temperature in range between 25 and 30 °C (77-86 °C) while in highlands it is lower about 10 to 27 °C (50-81 °F).

In terms of weather conditions year is divided into two seasons which are rainy and dry. Rainy season is usually lasts from May to December. Shower have daily basis and fall at noon. But they are fast thus makes no threat to vacation. Exceptions are the islands of Bocas del Toro and the mountainous region of Boquete where rains are especially heavy.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Panama

Transition between winter and spring in Panama is smooth with minor changes of temperatures of air and water. At March it holds around 32 °C (90 °F) with possible variations by couple of degrees. At April and May range of temperatures rises by another couple of degrees and this is main difference between spring months in Panama.

Middle of May means beginning of rainy season. Precipitation is heavy and frequent yet water temperature is perfectly fine. It is about 25 °C (77 °F) and never drops below. Actually there’s not much time without rains in Panama so spring is as good time to go to the country as any other.

The climate of the spring months

(Panama City)

March
Max average t°: +32.5 °C (90.5 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (73 °F)
Water t°: +25 °C (77 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 35 mm (1.4")
April
Max average t°: +33 °C (91 °F)
Min average t°: +23.5 °C (74.5 °F)
Water t°: +26.5 °C (80 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 14 days
Precipitation: 213 mm (8.4")
May
Max average t°: +31 °C (88 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Water t°: +28.5 °C (83 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 22 days
Precipitation: 370 mm (14.6")

Spring holidays

May 1 – Labor Day.

Also there are all Easter celebrations with variable dates at spring.

Summer in Panama

Summer is the time when you should rather don’t go to Panama. It has no difference in temperature ranges of water of air but humidity level escalates. With high temperature this circumstance creates uncomfortable sultry weather.

But even such weather can be benefit. Middle of summer is considered as “low season” so pricing on services and goods are low as well. And if you tough or thrifty tourist it will be good time to visit Panama. Main concern is air traveling within the country which is quite unstable during rainy season. But if you go straightforward to a beach and will never leave it than everything will be fine.

The climate of the summer months

(Panama City)

June
Max average t°: +30 °C (86.5 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (74.5 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 21 days
Precipitation: 282 mm (11.1")
July
Max average t°: +31 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (74 °F)
Water t°: +28.5 °C (83 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 25 days
Precipitation: 387 mm (15.2")
August
Max average t°: +31 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (74 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 24 days
Precipitation: 389 mm (15.3")


Summer holidays

Third Sunday of July – Children's Day in Panama.

August 15 – Panama Viejo (Old Panama) Day.

Autumn in Panama

At September in Panama there is same old rainy season with same temperature. Yet October and November are a bit cooler. Most significant drop in annual temperature chart takes place at autumn. Average maximum at this time of a year is 29 °C (84 °F).

In addition to heavy rains there is probability of hurricanes. At autumn raging cyclones are passing coasts of the Caribbean Sea. Most of routs of tropical cyclones are lying to the north from Panama but nevertheless they may wonder to coasts of the country. At November showers start to gradually come to naught.

The climate of the autumn months

(Panama City)

September
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (73 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 23 days
Precipitation: 302 mm (11.9")
October
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (73 °F)
Water t°: +28.5 °C (83 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 22 days
Precipitation: 329 mm (13.0")
November
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (73 °F)
Water t°: +28 °C (82 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 21 days
Precipitation: 299 mm (11.8")

Autumn holidays

November 2 – Day of the Dead.
November 3 – Separation Day (from Colombia).
November 4 – Patriotic Symbols' Day.
November 5 – Colón Day.
November 10. – Celebration of The Gesture of Rufina Alfaro and the uprising in the Villa de los Santos against Spain.
November 28 – Independence Day (from Spain).

Winter in Panama

It is short period of time without precipitation. Instead of showers there are almost constant winds. Not like raging winds, more like common pleasant blowing of air. Temperature returns to former range and tourists’ season starts to gain momentum.

Changes of weather are taking place under influence of movement of warm air masses and warm currents. February is bit warmer and often considered as heist of vacation season. It’s good time for any activity you will find in Panama. And flight schedules are stable so travelling across country will be easy.

The climate of the winter months

(Panama City)

December
Max average t°: +31 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +22.5 °C (72.5 °F)
Water t°: +28 °C (82 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 174 mm (6.9")
January
Max average t°: +31 °C (88 °F)
Min average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Water t°: +27 °C (81 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 73 mm (2.9")
February
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +22.5 °C (72.5 °F)
Water t°: +25 °C (77 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 24 mm (0.9")

Winter holidays

December 8 – Mothers' Day.
December 25 – Christmas.

January 1 – New Year's Day
January 9 – Martyrs' Day.