Seasons in Nicaragua

Nicaragua is the country in Central America located between Honduras and Costa Rica. The country has tropical trade-winds type of climate. Equal to other subequatorial countries there are no distinctive division of a year into four seasons. Instead there is alternation of dry and rainy seasons with (relatively) minor shifts of temperature.

At dry season average air temperature is in range between 24 and 32 °C (75-90 °F). Rainy season is cooler and has shorter range of temperatures between 26 and 28 °C (79-82 °F). Best time to visit pacific coasts is at dry and cool begging of winter. Atlantic coasts are available year-round except April and May when dusty winds may concern tourists.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Nicaragua

March and April in Nicaragua are dry with average temperature from 30 to 33 °C (86-91 °F). Water on both coasts is pleasantly warm with about 28 °C (82 °F). Coasts of the Caribbean are slightly wetter than western part of country but this difference fades away in comparing to amount of precipitation at rainy season.

By the way showers are starting at May. Rains usually occur after noon of at night and last for about two hours. Amount of precipitation in western coasts is 4.5 times lower than in eastern. Temperatures are same so this is good time for snorkeling and bird watching.

The climate of the spring months

(Managua)

March
Max average t°: +34.5 °C (94 °F)
Min average t°: +22.5 °C (73 °F)
Water t°: +26.5 °C (80 °F)
Sundial in the day: 10 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 10 mm (0.4")
April
Max average t°: +35 °C (95 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (74 °F)
Water t°: +28 °C (82 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9.5 hours
Rainy days: 7 days
Precipitation: 116 mm (4.6")
May
Max average t°: +34.5 °C (94 °F)
Min average t°: +24 °C (75 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 21 days
Precipitation: 449 mm (17.7")

Spring holidays

First Thursday of April – Holy Thursday.

May 1 – Labor Day.

May 27 – Army Day.

Summer in Nicaragua

It is not official but summer is the time of rains in Nicaragua. Temperatures of air and water are still in the same range unlike showers. Difference between west and east of the country is still significant.

At July there is slight drop of temperature to about 29 °C (84 °F) but no signs of ending of showers. This is the time for precipitation records in west. At August temperature returns to common range and rains start to lose their frequency and intensity. Water is as pleasant as it was before.

The climate of the summer months

(Managua)

June
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (74 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6.5 hours
Rainy days: 22 days
Precipitation: 373 mm (14.7")
July
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (74 °F)
Water t°: +28 °C (82 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 19 days
Precipitation: 262 mm (10.3")
August
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +23 °C (74 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 24 days
Precipitation: 394 mm (15.5")


Summer holidays

July 19 – Liberation Day/FSLN Revolution Day.
July 25 – Fiesta de Santiago.
July 26 – Fiesta de Santa Ana.

August 1 – Fiesta de Santo Domingo.
August 23 – Crab Soup Day.

Autumn in Nicaragua

Autumn brings gradual decrease of precipitation to Nicaragua. Temperature range is still the same with about 30 °C (86 °F) of air and 29 °C (84 °F) of water. October is the rainiest month of a year in east with about 500 mm (19.6”) precipitation at 23 rainy days. For comparison on the opposite side of Nicaragua there are 300 mm (11.8”).

November is good time to visit Nicaragua. There will be no massive tourists’ influx at any month so you will be able to spectate magnificence of untouched Nicaraguan nature without concern. Just keep in mind crime level (never trust to lift your bags on top of a bus) which is contrasting with optimism and benevolence of locals  and you’ll get great experience on numerous volcanos and national reserves.

The climate of the autumn months

(Managua)

September
Max average t°: +31.5 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +22.5 °C (73 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6.5 hours
Rainy days: 27 days
Precipitation: 519 mm (20.4")
October
Max average t°: +31 °C (88 °F)
Min average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Water t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 27 days
Precipitation: 594 mm (23.4")
November
Max average t°: +31.5 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +22 °C (72 °F)
Water t°: +28.5 °C (83 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 13 days
Precipitation: 234 mm (9.2")

Autumn holidays

September 14 – Battle of San Jacinto.

September 15 – Independence Day.

October 12 – Indigenous Resistance Day.

Winter in Nicaragua

 At November and December amount of precipitation diminishes two times each month until finally at December comes dry season. Winter in Nicaragua is dualistic. On one hand there is sunny weather on coasts of the Pacific through whole winter on the other there are showers on eastern regions. Heavenly cracks opening are accompanied by rather uncomfortable winds.

Temperatures of air and water are predictably same as through whole year. In addition February is the driest month in western regions (including the capital). On east coasts precipitation decreases too until next season of showers which will start only at May. Until then all the beauties and experiences of Nicaragua are at disposal of visitors.

The climate of the winter months

(Managua)

December
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +21 °C (69 °F)
Water t°: +27 °C (81 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8.5 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 62.5 mm (2.5")
January
Max average t°: +32 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +21 °C (70 °F)
Water t°: +26 °C (79 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 8.5 mm (0.3")
February
Max average t°: +33 °C (92 °F)
Min average t°: +21.5 °C (71 °F)
Water t°: +26 °C (79 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9.5 hours
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 12 mm (0.5")

Winter holidays

December 7/8 – Immaculate Conception.
December 25 – Christmas.
December 31 – New Year's Eve.

January 1 – New Year's Day.
February 1 – Air Force Day.