Seasons in El Salvador

The country has tropical trade-wind climate in pacific coasts and moderate weather conditions in highlands. Average monthly temperature in coastal areas is about 22 °C (72 °F) year-round. Shifts of daily temperatures are minor reaching 30 °C (86 °F) at November and 34 °C (93 °F) at March-April. Highlands are cooler. At night temperature there may drop to about 14-16 °C (57-61 °F).

Precipitation is rather uneven. In Lempas valley annual amount of it is 600 to 700 mm (23.6-27.5”) while on windward slopes of highlands it may reach 2500 mm (98.4”). There are two seasons in the country defined by amount of precipitation. Span of dry one is between November and April. Rainy lasts from May to October and about 75% of annual precipitation fall at this time. It is raining on daily basis mostly at evening.

Travelers should mind high crime rate of the country considering visiting El Salvador. Pickpockets, car thieves and street gangs are common in many regions.


Weather and Climate

Spring in El Salvador

March and April are two last months of dry season. At this time air in San Salvador warms up to about 31 °C (88 °F). Precipitation occurs from time to time but its amount is insignificant. Caribbean air masses are traveling across the isthmus and reach the country in hot and warm state.

At May conditions weather is changing for rainy season begins. Amount of precipitation increases five times comparing to April and its level reaches 150 mm (5.9”) per month. Temperature stays same and coastal pacific waters are warming up to 30 °C (86 °F).

The climate of the spring months

(San Salvador)

March
Max average t°: +32.5 °C (91 °F)
Min average t°: +16 °C (61 °F)
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 12 mm (0.5")
April
Max average t°: +32 °C (90 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 58 mm (2.3")
May
Max average t°: +31 °C (88 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (65 °F)
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 165 mm (6.5")

Spring holidays

Easter celebrations with variable dates in March-April.

May 1 – Labor Day.

Summer in El Salvador

Summer is the heist of rainy season. There are no changes in temperature ranges however shower are occurring almost every day. At midst of July showers are gaining highest intensity and monthly amount of precipitations reaches 320 mm (12.5”).

It is certainly isn’t best time to visit the country. In addition to abundant precipitation pacific air flows are bringing storms and even hurricanes. Strong winds hinder comfortable seaside vacationing. Temperature of the water is still high though.

The climate of the summer months

(San Salvador)

June
Max average t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Rainy days: 16 days
Precipitation: 308 mm (12.1")
July
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Rainy days: 18 days
Precipitation: 334 mm (13.2")
August
Max average t°: +30 °C (86 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Rainy days: 18 days
Precipitation:321 mm (12.6")


Summer holidays

June 17 – Father’s Day

August 6 – Feast of San Salvador.

Autumn in El Salvador

Weather of September bears all features of rainy season. It is hot, rainy and unbearable. In addition severe precipitation causes flooding and mudflows, damp dirt roads and other kinds of natural disaster. At October precipitation gradually decreases and by the beginning of November weather obtains features of dry season.

November along with March is warmest month of a year. Thus it means opening of tourists’ season. The country is getting well after long civil war however pricing isn’t as low as it may seem especially at vacations seasons.

The climate of the autumn months

(San Salvador)

September
Max average t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Rainy days: 16 days
Precipitation:  350 mm (13.8")
October
Max average t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Min average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 228 mm (9.0")
November
Max average t°: +29 °C (84 °F)
Min average t°: +16 °C (62 °F)
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 36 mm (1.4")

Autumn holidays

September 15 – Independence Day.

November 2 – All Souls' Day.

Winter in El Salvador

At December last remnants of rainy season are gone and weather is perfectly fine. Range of annual temperatures is narrow thus winter is as warm as any other season. However absence of rains is reason why winter is the best time to visit the country.

Air still warms up to about 30 °C (86 °F) and coastal pacific waters are warming up to 28 °C (82 °F). Span of such conditions reaches early April. Thus besides extreme crime ranks there are no concerns to take a journey to El Salvador at this time.

The climate of the winter months

(San Salvador)

December
Max average t°: +29.5 °C (85 °F)
Min average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Rainy days: 1 day
Precipitation: 10 mm (0.39")
January
Max average t°: +30.5 °C (87 °F)
Min average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 6 mm (0.24")
February
Max average t°: +31.5 °C (89 °F)
Min average t°: +15 °C (59 °F)
Rainy days: 0 days
Precipitation: 5 mm (0.20")

Winter holidays

December 25 – Christmas Day.

January 1 – New Year's Day.