Seasons in Canada

In the world, Canada is the second largest country after Russia. And its huge territory defines big climate diversity in the country. Also, Canada’s relief features seriously affect temperature drops.

For instance, on the north of the country, which is close to the Arctic Ocean, winter temperature is -25-30 degrees on average, and it barely goes up above the zero mark. At the same time, the west of the country, where the determining role is devoted to warm ocean stream, has the average winter temperature equal to 4 degrees of warmth, and in summer its well above 20 degrees. This is a direct evidence of contast. Moreover, daily temperature drops can be observed inside of a separate region – on the south of the country the temperature amplitude reaches 25 degrees.


Weather and Climate

Spring in Canada

Spring is very much like autumn by air temperatures and abundance of rainy days. The first thaw starts at this time of year, but it is usually cold in evenings, and what is more, summer comes rather late in the second decade of June.

The first flowers already appear in March, which transfigure the country in a trice. However, the first leaves emerge very late and their first appearance occurs in April or May. But frankly, spring in Vancouver and Victoria are extremely different from spring in the other areas of the country because there it is much warmer. Of course, the most important holyday in spring Canada is Easter. Yet in Quebec province, another date of late May – National Patriots’ Day – plays no less important role. In 1837-1838, all the inhabitants of the country’s south made an uprising against British dominion, and it was even supported by the people of the USA.

The climate of the spring months

(Ottawa)

March
Max average t°: +2.2 °C (35.6 °F)
Min average t°: -7.1 °C (19.4 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5.2 hours
Rainy days: 6 days
Precipitation: 73.9 mm (2.9")
April
Max average t°: +10.8 °C (50 °F)
Min average t°: 0°C (32 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6.3 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 72.4 mm (2.8")
May
Max average t°: +19.1°C (66.2°F)
Min average t°: +7.7 °C (44.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.4 hours
Rainy days: 13 days
Precipitation: 79 mm (3.1")

Spring holidays

Second Monday of March – Commonwealth Day

Monday preceding May 25 – Victoria day

Summer in Canada

The average summer temperature in Canada approaches +20 degrees, excluding the northern territories where even in July one can observe temperatures below zero. Moderate summer with minimal temperature fluctuations are usual for this country.

Summer Canada offers visiting different natural attractions: Niagara Falls, Rocky Mountains, Johnstone Strait, and many other beautiful places. The main summer holiday of the country is Canada Day. It is celebrated on June 1. Also, one should visit and celebrate Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day June 24.

The climate of the summer months

(Ottawa)

June
Max average t°: +23.8°C (73.4°F)
Min average t°: +12.7°C (53.6°F)
Sundial in the day: 8.4 hours
Rainy days: 13 days
Precipitation: 85 mm (3.3")
Jule
Max average t°: +26.5°C (78.8°F)
Min average t°: +15.4 °C (59 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8.9 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 90.6 mm (3.5")
August
Max average t°: +24.9°C (75.2°F)
Min average t°: +14.1°C (57.2°F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 12 days
Precipitation: 87 mm (3.4")


Summer holidays

From June 21 to July 1 – Celebrate Canada with National Aboriginal Day on June 21, Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day on June 24, Canadian Multiculturalism Day on June 27.

July 1 – Canada Day

July 1 to July 7 – Canada History Week

Early August – International Busker Festival

Autumn in Canada

Since more than 50% of the country’s territory is covered by forests, autumn changes Canada instantly. In a moment, it transforms into the country, decorated by golden trees and attracting tourists from all over the world. As for air temperature, autumn is a fairly chilly time which is characterized by frequent precipitation.

The first snowfall occurs just during autumn in the beginning of November. Only the western area of the country, where summer lasts significantly longer, is an exception. Flora and fauna of Canada is especially impressive during this period; in forests there are rabbits, bears, foxes, wolves, and other animals. In prairies, many rodents live. In nature reserves which attract special attention, live such rare animals as bisons. The second Monday of November is Thanksgiving Day.

The climate of the autumn months

(Ottawa)

September
Max average t°: +19.5°C (66.2°F)
Min average t°: +9.1 °C (48.2 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5.7 hours
Rainy days: 14 days
Precipitation: 85 mm (3.3")
October
Max average t°: +12.5°C (53.6°F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (37.4 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4.4 hours
Rainy days: 14 days
Precipitation: 79 mm (3.1")
November
Max average t°: +4.8 °C (40.6 °F)
Min average t°: -2. 8 °C (27 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2.8 hours
Rainy days: 11 days
Precipitation: 80 mm (3.1")

Autumn holidays

The second Monday of November is Thanksgiving Day.

Winter in Canada

Usually, winter in the most of Canada’s territory gets its turn already in November, when cold winds come and temperature stably remains below zero for the whole day. The further north, the colder winter is; in some areas air temperature rarely falls below 15 degrees below zero, which, together with the cold wind, much scares tourists away.

The North Canada’s animal world is very rich and includes: lemmings, musk oxes, polar wolves, deers, and polar foxes. Canada, as in the other Catholic countries, celebrates Christmas on January 25th, and New Year on the night of December 31st and January 1st.

The climate of the winter months

(Ottawa)

December
Max average t°: -3 °C (26.6 °F)
Min average t°: -11 °C (12.2 °F)
Sundial in the day: 2.6 hours
Rainy days: 5 days
Precipitation: 81 mm (3.2")
January
Max average t°: -6.1°C (21.2°F)
Min average t°: -15.3 °C (5 °F)
Sundial in the day: 3.3 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 70 mm (2.7")
February
Max average t°: -4.1°C (24.8 °F)
Min average t°: -13.3°C (8.6 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4.4 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 58.9 mm (2.3")

Winter holidays

December 11 – The Statue of Westminster anniversary

December 25 – Christmas

December 31 – New Year’s Eve

January 1 – New Year’s Day

January 11 – Sir John A. Macdonald Day

February 15 – National Flag of Canada Day